Wednesday, June 10, 2020
In the recorded history of mankind, the only thing that has remained constant is the tendency of change (Paton and McCalman 2008). Heffron (1968) mentions that change is inevitable for individuals, organizations, and society, such as technology changes, values and attitudes change, goals and needs change, resource availability changes, laws change, political control of government changes (p:152). Organizations are faced with an imperative demand for change. In order to incorporate change towards betterment and success, change management is necessary. The management of change in organizations is a combination of managerial activities that set and install new values, norms, behaviors and attitudes, and processes within an organization that develops new ways of doing things and helps overcome potential resistance towards the change. Resistance is avoided by building consensus among the stakeholders for proposed change/changes and by incorporating customers aspiration into the organizations output and which can exceed their expectancies in a better way. Change management involves planning; testing and implementing various transitional aspects of proceeding towards a new organizational structure or business process (Gai, 2003). It should be recognized that the difference in the organizational structure i.e. shapes, size configuration and value styles, necessitate different change management approaches. Factors Promoting Change Champy and Nohira identify three major drivers of change. They mentions that there are three major drivers stirring organizational change faster than ever before are as follows: technology, government and globalization (Champy and Nohria, 1996). Technology, increasingly forces organizations to re-structure their business operations and processes by providing newer and better ways of managing information. It also help creates new business models that were earlier not possible. The impact of technology can be understood within the context of Koberg framework of change which is developed on the previous work of Herbig. This framework identifies change as: ÃÆ'Ã ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬ÃâÃ ¦ procedural (management-determined innovations in rules and procedures); personnel related (innovations in selection and training policies, and in human resource management practices); process (new methods of production or manufacturing); and structural (modifications to equipment and facilities and ne w ways in which work units are structured) Koberg et al. (2003: p.24), following Herbig (1994). Technology often brings about procedural, personal, process and structural change in organizations. However, in the prevailing business environment, globalization is acknowledged as the most influential driver of change. It has forced many businesses, of different shapes, sizes, configurations, and values styles regardless of their host economies to reform their business operations and restructure their positions to thrive in a broader and less restricted market. (Dawson, 2003:114). Globalization proposes many challenges that require multi-faceted and complex strategies to deal with change rather than a single focus strategy. Globalization brings greater demands for innovation and creativity by reducing the life cycles of products, and higher needs for cutting price and providing better quality and more value by increasing competition. Therefore, it can be concluded that the extraneous factors initiate the drive for change, while the internal factors determine how and what type of change should be adapted to meet the demand of external forces. Change Management Approaches Management literature describes various ways of managing change. These ways can be categorized as continuous or episodic, planned or emergent, transactional, transformational, rational or chaotic, revolutionary or evolutionary, adoptive or adaptive change. All these change management approaches can be applied in relation to their extent and scope of dealing with developmental, transactional and transformational change (Ackerman, 1997). It should be noted that no single approach a right or wrong, as they effectiveness depends upon various internal and external factors that cannot be quantified easily. This part of the essay concentrates of the two popular approaches of managing changes i.e. planned and emergent and soft and hard systems approach approach according to the type of change and organizational context with example. Planned and Emergent Approach When the word management is associated with change, it is very easily through of as a planned and deliberate process which come as a result of conscious reasoning and cognitive actions. It is often perceived as a rational outcome of an explicit cause and effect process. However, it is widely recognized that change often occurs in a spontaneous or emergent way. McGreevy provides a clear rationale for change management as an emergent rather than planned strategy. He mentions that when managers make decisions that are apparently unrelated to the original intention they tend to be based on unspoken, and sometimes unconscious, assumptions about the organizations, its environment and the future (Mintzberg, 1990) and are, therefore, not as unrelated, as they may seem at first. Such implicit assumptions dictate the direction of seemingly disparate and unrelated decisions, thereby shaping the change process by drift rather than design. Such changes may reflect the unconscious scanning of th e managerial landscape associated with changes in political and socio-economic environments, market conditions, competition, customer expectations and the impact of technology. This rationale for change management approach adheres to that emergent view of strategy development process first proposed by Mintzberg. Mintzberg proposed an emergent view of strategy development which does not see strategy as an essentially a linear and rational process. It is a process which does not have a defined set of objectives and main components prior to its commencement. However, it should be noted that Mintzberg acknowledges the merit in both planned and emergent approach of strategy development i.e. both the approaches can be merged to form a combination of strategy process and are not essentially mutually exclusive. He mentions that: The popular view sees the strategists as a planner or as a visionary; someone sitting on a pedestal dictating brilliant strategies for everyone else to implement . While recognizing the importance of thinking ahead and especially of the need for creative vision in this pedantic world, I wish to propose an additional view of the strategists- as a pattern recognizer, a learner if you will- who manages a process in which strategies and vision can emerge as well as deliberately conceived. (Mintzberg 1987) Both these approaches can be combined in the strategy making process change management. These approaches can combine to work like a human brain which integrates both the intuitive and emotional right side and the rational and cognitive left side. Both these sides of the human brain are essential for a sound decision. Soft or Hard Systems Approach Perspectives drawn from the soft tradition of organizational theory described to be inspired by social sciences particularly sociology-inspired, views of organisations. They tend to emphasise the informal, the qualitative and the human aspects of organizations and change management approach. The soft system approach is often called the Human relations approach. Key adherents of this approach include Elton Mayo, Abraham Maslow, and Douglas McGregor. Unlike hard systems approach, it does not view organizations from a necessarily mechanical perspective. Soft systems approach has 3 main propositions; People are emotional rather than economic rational beings: Human needs are far more diverse and complex than the one dimensional image that Taylor and his supporters conceded, Peoples emotional and social needs can have more influence on the work behaviour than financial incentives, and Organisations are co-operative, social systems rather than mechanical ones: People seek to meet their em otional needs through the formation of informal but influential workplace social groups (Burnes 1996:47). Application of Change Management Strategies and their effectiveness This part of the essay presents the application of the aforementioned change management strategies and analyses them through a specific example. For the purpose of analysis, the beverage industry giant Coca-Cola Company has been chosen for evaluation. Currently the Coca-Cola Company is one of the largest companies and no 1 in cold beverage sector in the world. Coca-Cola has a very high brand equity. The company currently offers more than 400 brands and operates in more than 200 states around the world. It is said that Coca-Cola serves 1.6 billion servings each day (The Coca Cola Company 2008). Through its history of establishment, Coca-Cola gained ÃâÃ during the World War II. The company became more prolific amidst the war. Despite the uncertain economic and social conditions due to the war, Coca-Cola successfully attained a status of a patriotic symbol by offering free drinks to the American soldiers across the warzones. Therefore, the victory of United States and its alli es brought intangible benefits to the company and opened a window of opportunity for the Coca-Cola Company to rigorously expand its operations by setting up franchises (Hitt el at 2007). The nature of change can be either technical or people oriented. Technical change is merely mechanical such as component upgrade change. A hard systems approach for change management is applied under a reasonable plan for this type of change as it is considered to be a change in static, isolated environment. An appropriate change management methodology should adhere to Taylors view of strategy development and therefore, should be mechanistic involving a certain amount of intellectual cognitive input. It should be basically prescribed, with clear quantitative objectives. On the other hand, change can be people oriented which is much more complex, with unclear objectives and time scales and dynamic environment. People oriented change management approach must incorporate the emotional aspect of peop le and adhere to the soft systems approach. Applying mechanistic methodologies for this type of change can often lead to failures. During the course of World War II, Coca Cola Company went through an imperative challenge of coping up with political and economical uncertainty and unfavorable business conditions. A people oriented approach for change management was required to respond to the fallout of war. At this time, instead of lying low, Coca-Cola became more active by providing free drinks to the US soldiers during the war. The company sought out to create a brand value and customer loyalty through an emergent approach. Its strategy to serve free drinks to American soldiers and its allies was without any quantifiable and planned performance indicators for change management. Through an emergent approach of change management, Coca-Cola capitalized upon the individual relationships and emotions of its consumers. The company successfully maintained its status and created an opportun ity to penetrate new markets. It successfully became patriotic symbols which ultimately lead to a better brand equity and greater consumer loyalty. It paved its way for a post war expansion. Therefore, it can be concluded that change management strategy is essentially not rational or linear and can be emergent and based on emotional aspects of consumers and employees. Changes that are not merely mechanical should be dealt with an emergent approach adhering to the soft systems model.
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Tips For Writing an ISEE Essay Topic With A Big Target AudienceWriting an ISEE Essay Topic with a big target audience can be a daunting task. As a writer, you need to concentrate on the message you are writing and not the way you express it. So how do you write an ISEE Essay Topic that really hits the bull's eye?You can easily write an ISEE Essay Topic based on the topics of your choice. Every topic has a theme, or theme. There are two basic themes, factual and emotional, which can be used to write your ISEE Essay Topic. If you choose to write a certain theme, you will have to really focus on the facts that are related to that theme and in an understandable manner.Another thing you need to keep in mind when writing a theme is to keep your topics within your target audience. If you are writing a theme for students, you would need to stay away from essays on sports or celebrities. You can, however, include one of the other themes for kids or teens if you really want to tap into their p assion for something.The best way to express yourself in an ISEE Essay Topic is to talk about the main message of the essay and not just the keywords that make the title. The more you try to explain things, the harder it will be to write an essay with all the keywords you wanted to include. So try not to use too many words at first and think about how you can expand on the key message you wish to convey.You can also create your own topics. Do some research about the subject and ask a lot of questions. By doing this, you will be able to create a theme that is specific to the topic you are trying to write about.A good idea is to read as much as you can about the topic you wish to write about. Know the basics of the topic and know what you want to say. Make sure you express yourself clearly and succinctly so your message will be conveyed in a simple and effective manner.Remember, you should never use the rules of grammar in order to cut down the time you have to write an essay. So use the tools that are most important to communicate your message effectively.
Sunday, May 17, 2020
The term DREAM Act (Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act) refers to any of several similar bills that have been considered, but so far not passed, by the U.S. Congress that would allow unauthorized alien students, primarily students who were brought into the United States as children by their unauthorized immigrant parents or other adults, to attend college on the same terms as U.S. citizens.Under the 14th Amendment, as interpreted by the U.S. Supreme Court in the 1897 case of U.S. v. Wong Kim Ark, children born to unauthorized aliens while in the United States are classified as American citizens from birth. K-12 Education is Guaranteed Until they reach age 18, the children of unauthorized aliens brought into the U.S. by their parents or adult guardians are not generally subject to government sanctions or deportation because of their lack of legal citizenship status. As a result, these children are eligible to receive free public education from kindergarten through high school in all states.In its 1981 decision in the case of Plyer v. Doe, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the right of minor children of unauthorized aliens to receive free public education from kindergarten through high school is protected by the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment.While school districts are allowed to apply some restrictions, such as a requirement for a birth certificate, they may not deny enrollment because a childs birth certificate is issued by a foreign nation. Similarly, schools districts may not deny enrollment when the childs family is unable to provide a social security number.[ Ã US Citizenship Test QuestionsÃ ]The wisdom of providing free public education to children of unauthorized aliens is best summarized by the fear expressed by U.S. Supreme Court Justice William Brennan in Plyer v. Doe, that failure to do so would lead to the creation of a subclass of illiterates within our boundaries, surely adding to the problems and costs of unemployment, welfare and crime.Despite Justice Brennans subclass of illiterates reasoning, several states continue to object to providing free K-12 education to the children of unauthorized aliens, arguing that doing contributes to overcrowded schools, increases costs by requiring bilingual instruction and decreases the ability of American students to learn effectively. But After High School, Problems AriseÃ Once they finish high school, unauthorized aliens wishing to attend college face a variety of legal obstacles making it difficult, if not impossible for them to do so.A measure in the 1996 Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) has been held by the courts as prohibiting the states from granting far less expensive in-state tuition status to unauthorized aliens, unless they also offer in-state tuition to all U.S. citizens, regardless of state residency.Specifically, Section 505 of the IIRIRA states that an unauthorized alien shall not be eligible on the basis of residence within a State (or a political subdivision) for any postsecondary education benefit unless a citizen or national of the United States is eligible for such a benefit (in no less an amount, duration, and scope) without regard to whether the citizen or national is such a resident.In addition, under the Higher Education Act (HEA), unauthorized alien students are not eligible to receive federal studen t financial aid.br/>Finally, prior to June 15, 2012, all unauthorized immigrants were subject to being deported once they reached age 18 and were not allowed to work legally in the United States, thus making attending college virtually impossible for them. But then, President Barack Obama exercised his presidential powers as boss of the executive branch agencies to change that. Obamas Deportation Deferral Policy Citing his frustration with the failure of Congress to pass a DREAM Act, President Obama on June 15, 2010, issued a policy authorizing U.S. immigration enforcement officials to grant young illegal immigrants who enter the U.S. before the age of 16, pose no security threat and meet other requirements a two-year deferral from deportation.By also allowing qualified young illegal immigrants to apply for authorization to work legally in the U.S., Obamas deportation deferral policy at least temporarily lowered two of the hurdles blocking illegal immigrants from a college education: the threat of being deported and not being allowed to hold a job.These are young people who study in our schools, they play in our neighborhoods, theyre friends with our kids, they pledge allegiance to our flag, stated President Obama in his speech announcing the new policy. They are Americans in their heart, in their minds, in every single way but one: on paper. They were brought to this country by their parent s -- sometimes even as infants -- and often have no idea that theyre undocumented until they apply for a job or a drivers license, or a college scholarship.President Obama also stressed that his exportation deferral policy was neither amnesty, immunity nor a path to citizenship for young illegal immigrants. But, is it necessarily a path to college and how does it differ from the DREAM Act? What a DREAM Act Would Do Unlike President Obamas deportation deferral policy, most versions of the DREAM Act introduced in past Congresses have provided a path to U.S. citizenship for young illegal immigrants.As described in the Congressional Research Service report, Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and DREAM Act Legislation, all versions of DREAM act legislation introduced in Congress have included provisions intended to assist young illegal immigrants.Along with repealing sections of the Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 prohibiting the states from granting in-state tuition to illegal immigrants, most versions of the DREAM Act would enable certain illegal immigrant students to gain U.S. legal permanent resident (LPR) status.[ Ã ducation Nation: 30% of Americans Now Hold DegreesÃ ]Under the two versions of the DREAM Act introduced in the 112th Congress (S. 952 and H.R. 1842), young illegal immigrants could gain full LPR status through a two-stage process. They would first ga in conditional LPR status after at least 5 years of residing in the U.S. and earning a high school diploma or being admitted to a college, university or other institution of higher education in the United States. They could then gain full LPR status by getting a degree from an institution of higher education in the United States, completing at least two years in a bachelors or higher degree program, or serving for at least two years in the U.S. uniformed services.
Saturday, May 16, 2020
Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 983 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2019/03/29 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Discrimination Essay Did you like this example? Inequity in sports has been an issue as far back as women were acquainted with sports. Women today still endeavor to have people sports measure up to, and there are numerous reasons that demonstrate how women merit everything that men do. While inquiring about the distinctions in wages and regard of male competitors versus female competitors. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "About Discrimination in Sport" essay for you Create order I discovered a considerable measure of demonstrated certainties why women merit correspondence. A portion of the reasons why men and womens sports ought to be equivalent is that women work similarly as hard as men or considerably harder. Likewise, a portion of women occasions is acquiring a greater amount of a crowd of people than some of the mens occasions. For example, as stated in an article from the (suave report by A. Suave Francisco The The inequalities in America: WNBA v. NBA.) Kyrie Irving a former NBA rookie of the year, a five-time NBA all-star, an NBA three-point shootout champion back in 2013, also last but not least USA Male Athlete Of The Year in 2014. Shots at a clip of 44.8 percent from the field in 2015-2016, and 32.1 percent from three. he is an astounding player. but when you have a WNBA by the name of Maya Moore thats shooting 45.5 percent from the field in 2016, and 36.9 percent from three. For certain it shows that they are equally are talented yet WNBA players dont get nearly the same amount of money that NBA players or get the same number of fans attending the games. The average player in the WNBA makes $72,000, and the minimum salary is $37,950. The maximum amount that the very best player can make is $107,000.The lowest paid player in the NBA makes $838,464. And the highest paid player in the NBA makes $37,457,154 because of guaranteed contract Also, in conclusion, women have the right to be dealt with an equivalent to men since they offer the same amount of stock as men. Sex and gender shouldnt decide how much cash somebody earns or how they get treated, everybody ought to be dealt with equivalency. Numerous individuals may believe that women dont work as hard as men, that is the reason they dont get paid the equivalent. Be that as it may, I oppose this idea. In womens games women train the same amount of as men and play an indistinguishable measure of amusements from men. For instance, the U.S womens National soccer group has fit the bill for each world cups and Olympics, winning 3 world cups and 4 gold medals. Where the men have not met all requirements for each world cups or Olympics, and have not won either occasion. This demonstrates the U.S Womens soccer group is really playing a greater number of amusements and preparing more than the men since they fit the bill for more occasions. So wouldnt you accept that the group that trains harder and plays more diversions would get paid more? Well, that is invalid. For the 2015 Womens world cup, the U.S Womens national group won the big showdown and just brought home $2 million. Where the U.S mens national group took eleventh in the competition and brought home $9 million. That is in excess of 4 fold the amount of as the ladies earned winning the competition. Diligent work and results should determine pay rather than sex and gender. Fans and groups of onlookers get a considerable measure of cash to wearing occasions, which is a major piece of expert competitors pay wage. Which is another motivation behind why individuals say women dont get paid the equivalent as men since they dont have the same number of fans and dont acquire as large of a crowd of people as mens occasions do? Now and again indeed, men do acquire greater groups of onlookers than women, however, that is evolving. For instance in the Womens World Cup diversion the USA versus Japan there was 25.4 million watchers, making it the most watched womens soccer occasion in U.S history. It even brought down the more mainstream U.S pro athletics finals, similar to the NBA finals and the Stanley Cup finals (7.6 million watchers). This demonstrates women are presently getting a similar sum or considerably more ticket deals than men. Which should result in equivalent pay. Stock deals a re dependably a colossal part in competitors pay. A stock is likewise founded on what number of fans there are for that group or association. In a portion of womens games like ball and tennis they dont approach similar stock deals as the men do, which gives them the motivation to be saved money. Be that as it may, womens soccer is changing the diversion. The U.S womens national group sold in excess of 3 fold the amount of stock as the men have over the most recent three years. Which ought to be remunerated with fairness. Be that as it may, correspondence has not discovered its way to womens games yet. Be that as it may, gradually times are changing and mens sports are not generally the prevailing game, womens games are making up for lost time and gradually getting what they merit. As imbalance proceeds in todays sports, women are endeavoring to get what they merit. Women have demonstrated that they merit everything that men get and there are certainties that demonstrate them right. As women are working harder than men, acquiring more ticket deals than men, and offering more stock than men they will one day get what they merit. Individuals may ponder what they can do to enable ladies to get equivalent pay. Here are some ways you can help. You can go to women donning occasions, bolster organizations that advocate for womens games, and empower TV slots and daily papers to cover womens games. Imbalance ought to be an issue that gets settled on the grounds that sex and gender shouldnt decide to pay or regard, diligent work and winning should.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Harlem Renaissance was a social and cultural movement aimed to alter the conventional notion of Ã¢â¬Å"The NegroÃ¢â¬ and to expound on African AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s adversities through literature, music, and visual arts. After World War I, Harlem, New York became a central location for African Americans for greener pastures and racial equality. Large quantities of black writers, artists, and intellectuals emerged within the urban scene and played a pivotal role of defining the movement in their respective fields. As a result, Harlem became a creative mecca and established a birthplace of black pride in the United States. Langston Hughes, a prominent poet during the 1920s, helped pave a road for literary innovation. Langston possessed an ability to portrayÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In 1921, Langston Hughes enrolled at Columbia University and studied the field of engineering. It was a short-lived educational process, however Hughes affiliated himself with the prospering cultural movement within the vicinity of Harlem, New York. In the early 1920s, he commenced on traveling in foreign countries and continued to publish his poetries. The public exposure of his writing composition increased by connections of American poet Vachel Lindsey and novelist Carl Van Vechten. In 1925, HughesÃ¢â¬â¢s poem Ã¢â¬Å"The Weary BluesÃ¢â¬ won the first prize in the Opportunity magazine literary competition which earned him a scholarship to Lincoln University. The essence of poetry is its versatility of evoking images and feelings. Ã¢â¬Å"The Weary BluesÃ¢â¬ appealed to a broad spectrum of audience for his distinct style of integrating jazz rhythm and dialect in order to delineate urban blacks. Racial segregation was prolonged for many generations. Due to HughesÃ¢â¬â¢s mixed status as Caucasian and African American, he was unable to immerse himself within the two contradicting ethnic groups. Hughes expressed his perplexity through his work called Ã¢â¬Å"Cross.Ã¢â ¬ The poem also addressed the difference of faith between two different racial groups. Case in point, the poem states, Ã¢â¬Å"My old man died in a fine big house. My ma died in a shack.Ã¢â¬ Both coexist in the same society, but their death symbolizes the dissimilar treatment. Although Hughes was criticized byShow MoreRelatedThe Harlem Renaissance By Langston Hughes1033 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescalled the Harlem Renaissance. After World War I, many blacks migrated from the south to up to the north to places like Chicago, Detroit and New York. The people in Harlem felt the racial pride and this caught the attention of many musicians, writers, and artist. The Harlem Renaissance period lasted from 1920 to around 1935. Even though this period was short, it still lives on though all African American artists today. According to Biography.com in the article about Langston Hughes, there wereRead MoreThe Harlem Renaissance with Langston Hughes1676 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHarlem Renaissance with Langston Hughes The Harlem Renaissance brought about uniqueness amongst African Americans; everything was new. The visual art, the jazz music, fashion and literature took a cultural spin. During this time writer Langston Hughes seemed to outshine the rest with amazing works. The Harlem Renaissance brought about many great changes. It was a time for expressing the African American culture. It is variously known as the Harlem Renaissance, the Black Literary RenaissanceRead MoreLangston Hughes And The Harlem Renaissance1219 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLangston Hughes and the Harlem Renaissance The Harlem renaissance is an artistic revolutionary period that took place between 1917 and 1937. This was after the First World War. Harlem was a district in New York. The Harlem renaissance impacted the social, cultural as well as artistic aspects of the black community. Many black people were encouraged to flee the southern sides where the caste system continued to oppress the black people. At this period, racial inequalities as well as other social injusticesRead MoreThe Harlem Renaissance By Langston Hughes Essay1225 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬ - Langston Hughes The Harlem Renaissance took place in Harlem, New York during the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s. The movement was an expression of African American culture across the Midwestern and Northeastern states of America, with Harlem being the heart of it. The Harlem Renaissance also left a lasting impression on black writers from the Caribbean and other African Colonies who immigrated to Paris. There were many artists of many different mediums that left a lasting impact of black culture, and Langston HughesRead MoreLangston Hughes And The Harlem Renaissance1736 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAug 2017 The Dream Called Langston As an artist, or literature, music or visual art, there is power in creating pieces that move the masses. For an African American artist in the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s, that power was fought for harder and dimmed due the racial inequalities across America. Being acknowledged as a credible artist was equated to being acknowledged as an American during a time where African American citizens were not considered an equal under the law. The Harlem Renaissance, spanning from the mid 1920Ã¢â¬â¢sRead MoreLangston Hughes And The Harlem Renaissance1476 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Langston Hughes, a Voice for the Taciturn Take a time machine back to one of the most culturally-rich times in history, the Modern Age. More specifically, set your destination to northern Manhattan in the early 20s. When you step onto those bustling streets, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll find yourself swept up in the Harlem Renaissance. The contemporary writers you are surrounded by are legends such as Langston Hughes and W. E. B. DuBois, and the contemporary musicians you may hear at a local nightclub include some ofRead MoreThe Harlem Renaissance By Langston Hughes1703 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesis a quote from a well-known poet by the name of Langston Hughes who served as a prominent figure in African American history and is known for maintaining a significant role in one of the most culturally influential periods for African Americans -The Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance describes a significant era in time where hundreds or artists, writers and musicians living in Harlem came together to form a vibrant, creative community. Hughes along with many other talented and innovative AfricanRead MoreThe Harlem Renaissance : Langston Hughes1145 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesplace called Harlem and this is where it all started. Harlem became the training ground for blues and jazz and gave birth to a young generation of Negro Artist, who referred to themselves as the New Negro. The New Negro was the base for an epoch called the Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance allowed for the materialization of the double consciousness of the Negro race as demonstrated by artists such as Langston Hughes. During the peak of the Harlem Renaissance, Langston Hughes created poetryRead MoreLangston Hughes : The Harlem Renaissance1151 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmass movement of people is called the Great Migration. One of the most popular places African Americans moved to was Harlem, New York. This city was a cultural and artistic polestar for people of color. It became known for the start of the African American cultural and artistic revolut ion known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Harlem RenaissanceÃ¢â¬ . Out of the Renaissance came poet Langston Hughes. HughesÃ¢â¬â¢ grandparents were abolitionists and worked to instill the same sense of justice into him, which can be seen in his writingsRead MoreAspects Of Langston Hughes And The Harlem Renaissance755 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdiscrimination, the Harlem Renaissance was a time of emergence for African Americans artists. Several writers such as Langston Hughes emerged during this period. African American writers who emerged during the Harlem Renaissance were heroes to lower-class blacks living in Harlem. Langston Hughes was a household name amongst the lower-class during the Harlem Renaissance. HughesÃ¢â¬â¢s poetry was strongly influenced by the Harlem Renaissance because of his love for the black masses. Hughes was determined to
How our world has evolved with social networks The issue that will be discussed has to do with social networking. Social network is highly important because it is used on a daily basis in our surroundings. Technology has progressed throughout the years, and has created many opportunities for students, businesses, and adults to succeed. Almost everyone in the world has access to the Internet or soon will have access to the Internet. This topic is important because many have the image/ belief that social networking is bad, and have debated on what is considered a social network. However, there are proven facts that social networking is beneficial for students and grown ups. People interact in many ways, some by social media, some by phone, some by email, and now we have the advantage of researching and contacting people all over the world, by using social networking sites and programs. Social networking is used every day and in many different ways. Social network providers us with prospering skills that in the long term, it wi ll beneficial for our lives. Social network allows us to communicate across the globe rapidly, helps us gain important skills, and they are educational benefits. The purpose is to inform and educate others about social network about the pros and cons and what is considered a social network. The article that I will be addressing is called, Ã¢â¬Å"Social Network. It was last updated on May 24,2015. This article informs others and me about the pros and consShow MoreRelatedSocial Networking Is Beneficial For Students And Grown Ups1182 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesto do with social networking. Social network is highly important because it is used on a daily basis in our surroundings. Technology has progressed throughout the years, and has created many opportunities for students, businesses, and adults to succeed. Almost everyone in the world has access to the Internet or soon will have access to the Internet. This topic is important because many have the image/ belief that social networking is bad, and have debated on what is considered a social network.Read MoreNegative Effects Of Social Media Essay1209 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesteens spend nearly 9 hours a day on social media websites, which is more than one-third of their day (Tsukayama). Social media, among teenagers and young a dults, is quite popular. It is used on many different platforms and in so many ways which allows high schoolers to be constantly attached. Over the past decade, with the emergence of social media, the amount of time these websites consume from individuals has become greater and greater. Parents who have grown up in a different era of technology doRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Social Media1292 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAbstract: Social media networking has completely transformed the way businesses market and recruits potential employees. Marketing and recruiting was simply done through printing ads in newspapers. Now social media networking is done through Ã¢â¬Å"postingÃ¢â¬ open discussions on the business website or social media sites. Social media has allowed business to also promote their brand, hire, communicate, and connect with many people and organizations. This paper will help you to understand how businesses incorporateRead MoreSocial Media And Networking Have A S trong Influence On1350 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSocial media and networking have a strong influence on most peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. Whether researching a topic, listening to news, or looking through social media platforms, like Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, or LinkedIn, individuals find their way in life by these connections. In the 21st century this is the only way people gain information about anything and without it they feel lost and setback with their social ties. Now the question is, if people only use social media to feature information of themselvesRead MoreThe Effects Of Social Networking On Society1317 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Effects of Social Networking Intro Over half of the world uses the internet. 2.2 billion people actively use any kind of social networking. There were 176 million new users of social media just last year (Regan 1). With the influence of so many people a pressing question: Is the impact of social media harmful or beneficial in its effects? Social networking is one of the biggest reports of online traffic. So, if so many people are using these networking sites, what are the effects on us? The Ã¢â¬Å"firstÃ¢â¬ Read MoreThe Impact Of Social Media On University Education Essay1610 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOver the past 500 years, the influence of the mass media has grown rapidly with the development of technology. Social media and more specifically social networking have gained a vast amount of attention as a key concept in innovative ways to communicate in university education. Although there has been a large amount of critique both by academics and citizens interested in the effects of social media on university education. It is for this reason that I have chosen this as a topic to conduct researchRead MoreControversial Issues essay about Social Networking2034 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Benefits of Social Networking Abstract In the following essay, the benefits and consequences of social networking are explained and the different uses of social media are revealed. Websites, such as Facebook, have grown so popular that they have been created into mobile apps for individuals to use when he or she is unable to access a computer. With the significant increase in the number of its users, social networking has become a universal activity with its positive effects outweighing itsRead MoreThe Positives Of Social Media1570 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPositives in Social Media Social Media use is progressively increasing and has definitely become part of our everyday life. This is occurring because there are so many benefits to using Social Media. As we move along in life people worldwide are beginning to become more reliant on Social Media and different technologies. Social Media is defined as websites and other online applications that enable users or large groups of people to create and share content or to participate in social and professionalRead MoreThe Current System Of Global Social Networking Essay1663 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesexchange of thoughts and ideas among people were once hindered by long distances and cultural divides, but this is no longer true as knowledge and information are currently free flowing. The current system of global social networking allows for ample sharing of thoughts and ideas with online social networks such as Twitter and Facebook emerging as giants in this new world (Hogan, 2010). Qualman (2010) stated that the introduction of technological innovations and infrastructure into countries has been a majorRead MoreThe Current System Of Global Social Networking Essay1662 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesexchange of thoughts and ideas among people were once hindered by long distances and cultural divides, but this is no longer true as knowledge and information are currently free flowing. The current system of global social networking allows for ample sharing of thoughts and ideas with online social networks such as Twitter and Facebook emerging as giants in this new world (Hogan, 2010). Qualman (2010) stated that the introduction of technological innovations and infrastructure into countries has been a major
Alcoholic Anonymous has the implication of a fellowship whose membership is composed of both men as well as women sharing a common experience, their potential strength as well as hope amongst themselves, in an anticipation of resolving a problem of recovery or retreat from alcoholism to which they are addicted. To fulfill the requirements for membership into the group, no financial contribution is required since the group is self supporting and sustained through the contributions that they make amongst themselves. The only requirement of a potential member is a history of addiction to alcohol and a strong desire to quit the drinking habit. The fellowship is not part of a particular sect, political group, institution, sect or any organization and avoids any form of involvement in controversial issues as well as the expression of the endorsement or the opposition of any cause. The main objective underlying the existence of the group is to lead a life of soberness as well as making efforts of assistance to other alcoholics interested in a life of soberness (Allen, 2000). It was not until I visited the meeting organized by AA that I discovered the potentials underlying our ability to quit alcoholism. By visiting club 24 which accommodates around 400 members with sits arranged strategically to face the story teller, the first sign of welcome is coffee as well as several other snacks meant for self service, as one reads the posters displayed on the wall advocating against smoking, vanity language as well as a highlight of the 12 steps that are essential to follow in the process of quitting alcoholism. The atmosphere outside is even more encouraging to meet the purposes of the meeting since there is a presence of a residential house for a family, a shopping centre, a school of an elementary level beautiful streets with buses of MBTA in operation, all serving the purpose of planting a negative altitude towards drinking especially after attending the meeting, since there is no bar around Initially there is a sense of nervousness anxiety and lack of confidence as one thinks that the alcoholic weaknesses inherent in a new member are noticeable, but with the progress in the meeting a sense of self confidence is cultivated. The entire group is very cohesive and ready to cooperate in sharing ideas about past experience in alcoholism. From the knowledge gained, redemption from alcoholism requires psychological curative measures. Most of the members had dented faces that indicate the agony underwent in their previous drinking habits to which they regret. In the group every member is a contributor of ideas and there is no bigger person than the other. For the purpose of comprehensive circulation of ideas members are organized in subgroups whose contribution is later shared among the entire group. The group meetings usually precede the entire meeting by the whole group. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The highly noticeable issues in the meeting were the effects of alcoholism addiction including depression , degradation of the self worth of the individual, thinking as well as attempting to commit suicideÃ interdiction from the workplace leading to a breakdown of the family loss of family members through road accidents resulting from drunk driving, incidences of divorce as well as custodial sentences due to acts committed under the influence of alcohol, among many other undesirable actions as well as incidences. The importance of the existence of the fellowship and the main of the meetings that are held is for the purposes of ending the stigma that an individual is a real alcoholic and the mental as well as the body resemblance to other individuals. This situation is the basis of a drinking career bearing the characteristics of countless attempts but all in vain aimed at the justification of our potential drinking ability that is similar to that of others. For each existing abnormal drinker, there exists a great obsession idea about a day in the future that a control of the drinking habit will be achieved to the capacity of enjoying drinking (Johnson Chappel, 2004). Ã The meetings are responsible for the full concession of the fact of alcoholism as well as addiction to the deepest self of the individual as an important and primary step towards the process of recovery. At the same time the individual learns about the difference that is in existence in relation to other people. All the alcoholics, both men as well as women usually their potential ability for the control of the drinking behavior and majority of the real alcoholics seldom recover the actual control. The alcoholics at times develop a feeling that recovery is on their way, and a sense of control has been regained. However this situation are usually brief intervals that are latter followed by much less degree of control, a situation that makes the individual to express a sense of pity upon oneself as well as being demoralized to an incomprehensible degree. This leads to the notion that alcoholism status may progressively lead to the illness of the individual. The situation progresses towards the worse and never retreats to better (Bell, Montoya Dayton, 2006). Alcoholics resembles men whose legs have been chopped of which regrowth is an impossibility, just as a particular kind of treatment is never forthcoming. The experimental treatment though to reverse alcoholics and make them resemble the ordinally man with regard to the available approaches have not been fruitful. Some of the remedies that are imagined to work has brought temporary recovery that is later overtaken by a worse relapse. It is the belief of the expert physicians that the addicted alcoholics cannot find a way out of the addiction irrespective of whatever kind of a physical treatment. It is only science that is thought to posses the potential for this liberation although no step has so far been made towards the achievement of the objective (Johnson Chappel, 2004). The unfortunate thing about the deep alcoholics is their tendency to deny that they are actually deeply sunk in this class, and only makes the efforts of exempting themselves through self deception as well as experimentation and therefore labeling themselves non- alcoholic. If for heavenly sake an addicted alcoholic can adopt the right way of drinking in a gentleman way, the blame would be off the individual. For the purpose of the redemption from alcoholism, addicted alcoholics experiment on a variety of techniques. The commonly practiced ones include; drinking one brand of beer only, consumption of limited amount of drink, drinking in a company, avoiding early drinking, restricting drinking at home, absence of a drink inside the house, abstinence of drinking during the hours of active business, drinking only for the reason of an occasion, consumption of natural wine only, among so many others Conclusion It was evident from the facts arising in the meeting that majority of the alcoholics have suffers depression leading to attempts of suicide. Others had to use other drugs such as cocaine while others financed heavily some programs aimed at redemption from addiction. The successful redemption from this condition is a result of self worth as well as self esteem the contribution of AA is of immense to the society for its role in the act of cleansing the people who have lost they worth and esteem, a condition that may lead to the death of the individual. The families that were torn apart due to alcoholism cherish the contribution of AA for the restoration of glory in their homes. The contribution of AA reveals the medical as well as the non medical cure for alcoholism. References Allen, J. P. (2000). Measurement of the treatment process in Alcoholics Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Anonymous. Ã Stanford:Ã Stanford Univ. Press. Bell, C., Montoya, I. D., Dayton, C. A. (2006). The motivation towards treatment Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã of drug abuse. CA: Mt. View Press. Johnson, N. P., Chappel, J. N. (2004). Using Alcoholic Anonymous more Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã effectively. New York: Prager Publishers